Daily Lives of Pets – Day 48

Clarice hangs from the netting within her terrarium.
Lexie sits up for the camera.
Peter continuously whines, wanting to be let outside.
Hydee drinks some water from a bucket.

Compulsion and Addiction – Day 2

“Impairment of self-control is often said to be a defining feature of addiction. Yet many addicts display what appears to be a considerable amount of control over their drug-oriented actions. Not only are their actions clearly intentional and frequently carried out in a conscious and deliberate manner, [but] there is [also] evidence that many addicts are responsive to a wide range of ordinary incentives and counter-incentives. Moreover, addicts have a wide variety of reasons for using drugs, reasons which often seem to go a long way towards explaining their drug-oriented [behaviour]. Many use drugs, for example, to cope with stressful or traumatic experiences. In this article[,] I argue that some standard philosophical explanations of addicts’ impairment of self-control are inadequate, and propose an alternative.”


Compulsion and Addiction – Day 1

“How should addictive [behaviour] be explained? In terms of neurobiological illness and compulsion, or as a choice made freely, even rationally, in the face of harmful social or psychological circumstances? Some of the disagreement between proponents of the prevailing medical models and choice models in the science of addiction centres on the notion of ‘loss of control’ as a normative characterization of addiction. In this article I examine two of the standard interpretations of loss of control in addiction, one according to which addicts have lost free will, the other according to which their will is weak. I argue that both interpretations are mistaken and propose therefore an alternative based on a dual-process approach. This alternative neither rules out a capacity in addicts to rationally choose to engage in drug-oriented [behaviour], nor the possibility that addictive [behaviour] can be compulsive and depend upon harmful changes in their brains caused by the regular use of drugs.”


Daily Lives of Pets – Day 45

Hydee hangs her tongue off to the side, after drooling all over Oliver’s desk.
Hydee hunts for Oliver’s breakfast.
Maddie wants to go outside.
Sadie, Peter, Maddie and Hydee roam around outside.
Rusty waits at the door leading to the dining area.
Maddie, Sadie and Peter play tug of war.